Why Switching from Metal to Carbon Fiber Requires a New Mindset

Fabricating parts with carbon fiber is catching on in all sorts of industries. Parts formerly made of metal are enjoying new life and better performance after being made with carbon fiber. Nonetheless, carbon fiber is an entirely different material with unique properties that metals do not possess. Replacing metal with carbon fiber involves an entirely new mindset.

Fabrics and Resins

Creating carbon fiber parts via a manual layup process involves combining fabrics and resins. Knowing this is key to understanding why carbon fiber fabrication is so different. Like any other fabric, a carbon fiber fabric is woven from individual carbon threads. The weaving process aligns the threads in a specific direction.

Laying down multiple layers of fabric with fibers all running in the same direction creates a quasi-isotropic layup. The finished piece is known as a ‘black metal’ part. It is so named because it looks like it was made with metal. You can barely see the fabric because all of the fibers are aligned in the same direction.

Black metal fabrication works just fine if the desired part needs to have uniform stiffness and thickness. But if more stiffness is required at certain locations, quasi-isotropic layups are not practical.

Adding Strength Where Necessary

One of the difficulties of fabricating with metals is that you are stuck with uniform thickness and stiffness. It is impossible to strengthen key areas of a given part simply by realigning the metal. All you can do is add more metal where more strength is needed. That adds weight and bulk.

Approaching carbon fiber fabrication in the same way fails to take advantage of some of the best properties of the composite material. As such, black metal fabricating is rarely applied. Instead, fabricators look to add strength where it is necessary by changing how fibers are aligned.

According to Rock West Composites, fabricators can align fibers perpendicularly with each alternating layer of fabric. This gives additional strength at those perpendicular joints. But that is not even the half of it. They can slightly alter the angle of intersection so that it differs with every layer. This creates more strength with each slightly offset angle.

Extra Thickness Not Required

An obvious advantage of this property of carbon fiber is that additional thickness is not required to achieve extra strength. You can create a part with uniform thickness that is still stronger in some locations than others. As a result, you do not need to increase the volume or weight in order to increase strength.

Being able to increase the strength without also increasing weight or volume is key to creating some very important parts. Consider the carbon fiber bike frame as an example. It would not be nearly as strong if fabricators employed a black metal approach to creating the tubes that make up the frame. Just by realigning fiber direction at key points, they can make a carbon fiber bike frame extremely strong.

Even with Complex Geometry

Most exciting of all is the realization that fabricating with carbon fiber is possible even with complex geometry. If fabricators can break out of the black metal way of thinking, they can use carbon fiber to create rather complex parts that would be impossible with metal. It is simply a matter of creating the right tools and choosing the best fabrication method.

Metals and composites all have their places in the fabrication world. When companies switch from metal to composites however, they also have to change their thinking. Composites require an entirely different mindset in order to take advantage of all they have to offer.…

Tips For Getting The Most Out Of Your IPhone

Figuring out how to use your new iphone can be tough. Even though you have an instruction manual, and have been instructed how to use it you might feel a bit confused still. Therefore you should have a look through the contents of this article and see what you can learn about the iphone about how to use the most common applications on the device.

Your iPhone makes a great storage device. Use it to store pictures, videos and contacts. This can simplify your life and help you to get rid of numerous other gadgets, instead focusing on only one. The iPhone has a good amount of storage space, and additional apps also allow you to increase that space if necessary.

On your iPhone, it is possible to look at PDF files in your iBooks. When you are on a website with a PDF, you want to view or a mail message, all you need to do is tap and then hold either the PDF link or icon. Then, simply select “open in iBooks”.

You don’t need to hit the Shift button following the end of a sentence on an iPhone. The phone automatically uses a capital letter for the next word following the space after an ending punctuation mark. You can override this feature by going to Settings, looking under General, and going to Keyboard. Locate Auto-Capitalization and turn it off.

Are there websites you visit a lot from your phone? Do you ever wish you had a little icon for them on the home screen? Well, if you have, open the webpage in Safari and click on the Go To icon at the top of the screen. You can then select to add it to your home screen.

To get personal with your iPhone and Siri, try teaching Siri your family’s names. For instance, you can teach Siri your spouse’s name. Then instead of speaking out your spouse’s full name when you want to call him or her, you can say instead “Call my husband” or “Call my wife.” It’s much more personable!

If you travel with kids a lot, an iPhone can be beneficial to you. You can easily install a few games on it to keep your kids occupied on long car trips, or even just while waiting in line at the grocery store. This can help keep them happy and out of your hair.

If you’re an advanced message-sender who needs extended text options like letters with accent marks, the iPhone has you covered. Simply tap and hold a letter on the on-screen keyboard and a set of accented alternatives will pop up. Just remember to slide your finger directly to the accented letter you want. Lifting your fingertip will make the menu disappear.

It should be a bit easier for you to use your new iphone device now. Just keep in mind that it does take a little time to get used to the feel of the phone. But in time you can master the different applications, and ways to use the phone. Then you can just worry about enjoying yourself with this highly advance piece of technology.…

Follow This Great Article About Cell Phones To Help You

Cell phones are something that tons of people use on a daily basis. This is probably something that you need to learn more about, and that’s what this article is here for. When you’re ready, you can read through the advice presented here to help you when you need to work with cell phones.

Every few days restart your cell phone, especially if it’s a smart phone. You may not realize it, but you’re carrying around a miniature computer in your pocket. These computers eat up memory over time, and that can lead to poor performance. All you need to do is restart your cell phone to get memory back into play.

If your cell phone is acting slowly after an operating system upgrade, it may be time for a replacement. This is especially true for older phones. It may be so old that the new operating system is too memory intensive to operate smoothly on your phone. Talk with a carrier to see what your options are.

Is your battery dying quickly? If so, it may be that you are having a weak signal. Weak signals could drain your battery’s energy. Turn it off if you do not need it to preserve the battery.

Keep an eye out for extended warranties. Generally, these added costs are nothing more than that. If you have a phone that’s going to break, it usually happens within a year which the basic warranty generally covers. Additionally, lots of people replace their cell phones every year, so why buy an extended warranty?

Your smartphone is bound to run more slowly as it ages. Therefore after a while, it’s going to get a little more difficult to update the operating system and apps. When this begins to happen, you will need to make a decision. You can skip new updates or get a new phone.

Haggle a bit when shopping for your next phone. You generally wouldn’t expect haggling to work in a retail setting, but it is often effective in the case of buying a new cell phone. Try it for yourself. It can’t hurt, and people often get between 50 and 100 dollars knocked off the price.

If you are buying a touch screen phone, make sure to play around with the touch screen in the store before making your purchase. Some screens are very intuitive, and others are more difficult to use. You want to make sure that your phone will function easily when you’re on the go, and that won’t be the case if your screen isn’t touch sensitive enough.

There is reason to believe that the radiation produced by cell phones could cause brain tumors and other health problems. While there is no direct proof that this is true, it is better to be safe than sorry. Whenever you can, put your phone on speaker or plug a headset into it.

As you can see, working with cell phones is something that you can easily do. Just take into account what you’ve read here and when all is said and done you should do just fine. You’ll be entering into the world of cell phones armed with the best knowledge there is!…

When You Want To Learn About Desktop Computers, Read This

Would you like to get a new desktop computer? Do you find that yours is sluggish? Or has it stopped working totally? When the time comes to go shopping, you have to know exactly what to look for, and this article will teach you what you need to know, so read on.

When buying a desktop computer, you need to know what you plan to use it for. Knowing what you’ll use the computer for is important, because it dictates how much storage space you may need, the kind of processing speed you need and the kind of monitor you need. When you know what you need to use the computer for, you’re going to find it easier to find what you need.

When searching for a desktop computer be certain to shop around. With the growing popularity of laptops, tablets, and mobile devices, desktops have fallen out of favor. As such, sales are struggling. Use this to your advantage and look for the best deals out there when purchasing a new desktop computer.

A good way to decide what features you want in a new computer is to try out different models before you buy. Many stores have a large selection of models set up and it is a wise idea to spend some time trying them out. You can see which keyboard is most comfortable and which screen size is right for your needs.

If you want a new desktop computer, look online. The internet has so many different deals and options, you are sure to find a computer that is both in your price range and does all the things you need it to do. The only thing you have to remember is to compare prices from different companies so that you’re getting the best deal.

If you are a gamer and love playing on your desktop computer and you are looking for that ultimate gaming experience, then you need to remember a few things. Try to find a PC with a minimum of 4 GB of RAM, a decent video card, and a monitor that is high definition. Gaming peripherals are a must, too.

If you want to save money on your desktop computer, look into buying a refurbished model. These computers are ones that have been fixed at the factory and are often offered at a steep discount. These are usually offered by the computer brands on their own websites, so take a look before you buy a new computer.

A DVD optical drive that is writable is a necessity if you play to transfer any large video files. Frequently, less expensive computers that include only a CD drive are insufficient for multimedia files. A DVD may be necessary in terms of providing enough space. Though it may cost more, it’s worth not having future issues.

With so much great information available to you, you shouldn’t struggle with the purchase of a new desktop computer ever again. Just take your time as you peruse your options to ensure you get the best computer available. In the end, the more time you dedicate to your search, the better the results.…

Using Solar Energy To Run Your Business

You want to learn more about solar energy and its many benefits. You may have heard things about solar energy in the past that have been deterrents for you. However, keep reading to learn more about how solar energy can save you money and help you fight for the environment at the same time.

Are your energy bills getting a little out of control these days? If you are tired of paying costly energy bills then it is time to switch to solar energy. It might cost a little more upfront, but will ultimately end up saving you a ton of money in the long run.

Position solar panels on the east or west side of your home or business. Since the sun travels from east to west throughout the day, placing solar panels on areas of your roof that face north or south is a waste. You’ll get much better energy returns by following the same path as the sun.

If you don’t want to or can’t go for full solar power, at least consider a solar water heating system. Many regional and community governments offer financial incentives, rebates and tax credits for even doing this, just like they do for full solar installations. Check with your local government before doing anything to know the perks.

A solar power system will save you money if you prepare for it to be a long term investment. The pay-off won’t be complete for a few years into the future. Therefore, don’t invest in a solar energy system until you have settled down.

To help keep your solar energy panels running efficiently, keep a record of your solar panels performance. On this record, note when the days are overcast and how much energy your panels produced. This will help you plan your energy consumption better. For example, if the forecast is cloudy, then you should wait to do household chores that use a lot of energy.

Humans have taken advantage of the sun’s heat for thousands of years. A lot of energy can be saved by drying your clothes outdoors in sunny weather. This cuts down a lot on the energy used to dry your clothing in an electric or gas clothes dryer, and linens dried outside smell great.

If you are a business owner and you are thinking of changing your energy system over to renewable solar energy, see if you can get any tax deductions for doing so. Often times the government will offer incentives to companies who agree to switch over to a more green energy source.

Many governments offer tax savings for consumers who install green energy products. These tax savings can help offset the installation cost of a new solar energy system. Additionally, many state’s also allow you to deduct some or most of the costs of the installation on your state’s tax return allowing double savings.

You now know how solar energy can benefit your home or business. Keep in mind the tips you’ve read as you put them into action a little at a time. Take it slowly, but take advantage of solar energy and how it can save you in the long run.…

A Few Simple Guidelines For Designing A Modern Website

Creating an effective website can seem like a huge job. Even for those with plenty of experience, such a task can be daunting. There is so much to take into consideration such as the color scheme, and layout. The information you require will also change often. Use all the tips given in this article so you are able to get all the help you are going to need when designing a successful website.

When you are designing a website, it is important to have proper spelling and grammar. In addition to running spell-check on your content, ask a friend or co-worker to proofread everything. Having good spelling and grammar on your website will help give it a professional feel and your visitor will be more likely to return.

Avoid using frames on your site. While they worked well back then, they had many flaws. Frames make it hard for visitors to bookmark and scroll through the page. It is simple to design your page so visitors can navigate through it.

There are many free programs available to help you develop your website. A lot of users think they have to buy pricey applications, but many free programs are out there to give you a hand. Finding good free software does require a bit more legwork, however.

Avoid using frames for the best website optimization. While visitors to your site may enjoy the pages that have frames, search engines do not pick up the information contained within frames. If search engines cannot read your information, you will have a poor web ranking. When there is a low rating, there is little traffic.

If you want your website to get more visitors, take care to use relevant, up-to-date meta tags on every page of your site. Good meta tags help search engines understand and categorize your website’s content properly. Yet you want meta tags of high quality, and you want to make sure that the content of your site is reflected from these meta tags so you can attract as many visitors as possible.

If the design of your website needs to be mobile friendly, keep in mind that mobile devices have smaller screens and limited bandwidth. To account for smaller screens, you should try to design your website as a single narrow column so that the user only needs to navigate vertically, as opposed to both horizontally and vertically. Limited bandwidth means that you should be extra concerned about your file sizes. You can also opt to create a separate version of your website specifically for mobile devices.

When tinkering with your HTML, you always need to save a copy. You can save a copy of your code in a Notepad doc; just save it as .html and it will save as an actual webpage. This way, you can tinker around with things and know that there’s a backup should something go wrong. Failure to save pages may result in having to start from scratch.

There is so much involved with website designing, like the layout and color scheme. While it can feel intimidating to design a website due to the fact that there are so many factors, this does not mean it has to be difficult. Apply the tips you just read to guide your efforts in the right direction.…

A List Of Helpful Hints To Begin Using Solar Energy

Solar energy is a topic of intense interest to a great deal of individuals, though not everyone has yet got on board and started learning more about the subject. Fortunately, it just takes a bit of time and research to start understanding the true promise solar energy possesses. Keep reading to learn more.

Install panels a few at a time to break down the cost in setting up your home to operate off of solar power. There is no need to buy everything all at once, as there is much planning involved. You need to give yourself time to make adjustments and learn more as you go along.

Your solar energy system needs to be exposed to the sun at all times. Most homeowners have their solar panels installed on their roof but you could also have some panels installed on your front lawn. Do not hesitate to cut a few trees to avoid shadows and have a professional help you determine the best place for your panels.

Your home or business should receive at least five hours of direct sunlight per day to get the most from solar energy. Obviously more sun is better when it comes to solar panels, however if you get less than this solar energy can still be a viable option. If you are in an area where energy bills are sky high, solar might still save you money even if you don’t have the optimal sun exposure.

A backup power plan is a must. You can either purchase a generator, or simply stay connected to your local power grid, drawing extra power as you need it. Test any generator you do have to ensure that it works when you need it.

Solar energy systems are great for saving money if you have no problem making an investment up front. Solar panels have a very high initial price, meaning it could be years before you start seeing significant savings. You should invest in solar energy only if you’re settling down.

If you find that you cannot afford solar panels at the moment, you should stay up to date with new products and technologies. Scientists are regularly coming up with new technologies and materials that can be used to build more efficient and affordable panels, which means solar energy should become a more efficient solution in the future.

Cleaning your solar panels does not need to be labor intensive. You want to avoid abrasive soaps at all costs, as they can deteriorate and even destroy your panels. So long as there is not caked up dust or bird droppings, frequent rinses with just hose water should be more than enough.

Lots of people find the subject of solar energy to be worthy of substantial time and study. The potential of solar energy to transform many facets of our everyday lives cannot be overstated. The preceding information has demonstrated that the widespread interest in the topic is indeed warranted and has hopefully sparked additional interest in further exploration.…