Why Switching from Metal to Carbon Fiber Requires a New Mindset

Fabricating parts with carbon fiber is catching on in all sorts of industries. Parts formerly made of metal are enjoying new life and better performance after being made with carbon fiber. Nonetheless, carbon fiber is an entirely different material with unique properties that metals do not possess. Replacing metal with carbon fiber involves an entirely new mindset.

Fabrics and Resins

Creating carbon fiber parts via a manual layup process involves combining fabrics and resins. Knowing this is key to understanding why carbon fiber fabrication is so different. Like any other fabric, a carbon fiber fabric is woven from individual carbon threads. The weaving process aligns the threads in a specific direction.

Laying down multiple layers of fabric with fibers all running in the same direction creates a quasi-isotropic layup. The finished piece is known as a ‘black metal’ part. It is so named because it looks like it was made with metal. You can barely see the fabric because all of the fibers are aligned in the same direction.

Black metal fabrication works just fine if the desired part needs to have uniform stiffness and thickness. But if more stiffness is required at certain locations, quasi-isotropic layups are not practical.

Adding Strength Where Necessary

One of the difficulties of fabricating with metals is that you are stuck with uniform thickness and stiffness. It is impossible to strengthen key areas of a given part simply by realigning the metal. All you can do is add more metal where more strength is needed. That adds weight and bulk.

Approaching carbon fiber fabrication in the same way fails to take advantage of some of the best properties of the composite material. As such, black metal fabricating is rarely applied. Instead, fabricators look to add strength where it is necessary by changing how fibers are aligned.

According to Rock West Composites, fabricators can align fibers perpendicularly with each alternating layer of fabric. This gives additional strength at those perpendicular joints. But that is not even the half of it. They can slightly alter the angle of intersection so that it differs with every layer. This creates more strength with each slightly offset angle.

Extra Thickness Not Required

An obvious advantage of this property of carbon fiber is that additional thickness is not required to achieve extra strength. You can create a part with uniform thickness that is still stronger in some locations than others. As a result, you do not need to increase the volume or weight in order to increase strength.

Being able to increase the strength without also increasing weight or volume is key to creating some very important parts. Consider the carbon fiber bike frame as an example. It would not be nearly as strong if fabricators employed a black metal approach to creating the tubes that make up the frame. Just by realigning fiber direction at key points, they can make a carbon fiber bike frame extremely strong.

Even with Complex Geometry

Most exciting of all is the realization that fabricating with carbon fiber is possible even with complex geometry. If fabricators can break out of the black metal way of thinking, they can use carbon fiber to create rather complex parts that would be impossible with metal. It is simply a matter of creating the right tools and choosing the best fabrication method.

Metals and composites all have their places in the fabrication world. When companies switch from metal to composites however, they also have to change their thinking. Composites require an entirely different mindset in order to take advantage of all they have to offer.…

A Few Simple Guidelines For Designing A Modern Website

Creating an effective website can seem like a huge job. Even for those with plenty of experience, such a task can be daunting. There is so much to take into consideration such as the color scheme, and layout. The information you require will also change often. Use all the tips given in this article so you are able to get all the help you are going to need when designing a successful website.

When you are designing a website, it is important to have proper spelling and grammar. In addition to running spell-check on your content, ask a friend or co-worker to proofread everything. Having good spelling and grammar on your website will help give it a professional feel and your visitor will be more likely to return.

Avoid using frames on your site. While they worked well back then, they had many flaws. Frames make it hard for visitors to bookmark and scroll through the page. It is simple to design your page so visitors can navigate through it.

There are many free programs available to help you develop your website. A lot of users think they have to buy pricey applications, but many free programs are out there to give you a hand. Finding good free software does require a bit more legwork, however.

Avoid using frames for the best website optimization. While visitors to your site may enjoy the pages that have frames, search engines do not pick up the information contained within frames. If search engines cannot read your information, you will have a poor web ranking. When there is a low rating, there is little traffic.

If you want your website to get more visitors, take care to use relevant, up-to-date meta tags on every page of your site. Good meta tags help search engines understand and categorize your website’s content properly. Yet you want meta tags of high quality, and you want to make sure that the content of your site is reflected from these meta tags so you can attract as many visitors as possible.

If the design of your website needs to be mobile friendly, keep in mind that mobile devices have smaller screens and limited bandwidth. To account for smaller screens, you should try to design your website as a single narrow column so that the user only needs to navigate vertically, as opposed to both horizontally and vertically. Limited bandwidth means that you should be extra concerned about your file sizes. You can also opt to create a separate version of your website specifically for mobile devices.

When tinkering with your HTML, you always need to save a copy. You can save a copy of your code in a Notepad doc; just save it as .html and it will save as an actual webpage. This way, you can tinker around with things and know that there’s a backup should something go wrong. Failure to save pages may result in having to start from scratch.

There is so much involved with website designing, like the layout and color scheme. While it can feel intimidating to design a website due to the fact that there are so many factors, this does not mean it has to be difficult. Apply the tips you just read to guide your efforts in the right direction.…

A List Of Helpful Hints To Begin Using Solar Energy

Solar energy is a topic of intense interest to a great deal of individuals, though not everyone has yet got on board and started learning more about the subject. Fortunately, it just takes a bit of time and research to start understanding the true promise solar energy possesses. Keep reading to learn more.

Install panels a few at a time to break down the cost in setting up your home to operate off of solar power. There is no need to buy everything all at once, as there is much planning involved. You need to give yourself time to make adjustments and learn more as you go along.

Your solar energy system needs to be exposed to the sun at all times. Most homeowners have their solar panels installed on their roof but you could also have some panels installed on your front lawn. Do not hesitate to cut a few trees to avoid shadows and have a professional help you determine the best place for your panels.

Your home or business should receive at least five hours of direct sunlight per day to get the most from solar energy. Obviously more sun is better when it comes to solar panels, however if you get less than this solar energy can still be a viable option. If you are in an area where energy bills are sky high, solar might still save you money even if you don’t have the optimal sun exposure.

A backup power plan is a must. You can either purchase a generator, or simply stay connected to your local power grid, drawing extra power as you need it. Test any generator you do have to ensure that it works when you need it.

Solar energy systems are great for saving money if you have no problem making an investment up front. Solar panels have a very high initial price, meaning it could be years before you start seeing significant savings. You should invest in solar energy only if you’re settling down.

If you find that you cannot afford solar panels at the moment, you should stay up to date with new products and technologies. Scientists are regularly coming up with new technologies and materials that can be used to build more efficient and affordable panels, which means solar energy should become a more efficient solution in the future.

Cleaning your solar panels does not need to be labor intensive. You want to avoid abrasive soaps at all costs, as they can deteriorate and even destroy your panels. So long as there is not caked up dust or bird droppings, frequent rinses with just hose water should be more than enough.

Lots of people find the subject of solar energy to be worthy of substantial time and study. The potential of solar energy to transform many facets of our everyday lives cannot be overstated. The preceding information has demonstrated that the widespread interest in the topic is indeed warranted and has hopefully sparked additional interest in further exploration.…

A Desktop Computer Guide For The Novice

What is so difficult about buying a new desktop computer? Is it knowing the difference between an i3 and an i7? Is it understanding how RAM affects performance? If all of this sounds like Greek to you, check out the article below to learn what you need to know about buying a new computer.

When buying a desktop computer with the intention of creating DVDs or CDs of your own, take care to verify that the model you are considering has an integrated disc burner. While most new versions will have this feature, failing to discover that a particular model does not can lead to great frustration. Try to save yourself the aggravation in advance.

If you want to save money on your desktop computer, look into buying a refurbished model. These computers are ones that have been fixed at the factory and are often offered at a steep discount. These are usually offered by the computer brands on their own websites, so take a look before you buy a new computer.

Shopping for a desktop computer always brings the question of which sorts of accessories or add-ons are necessary and which are not. Take care to learn which items are included with the computer itself so that you do not end up wasting money on redundant equipment that a savvy salesperson convinced you was crucial to have.

When shopping for a computer, don’t assume that a system new to you is actually new. Many of the greatest deals are refurbished systems, which is openly acknowledged. However, sales clerks will often say that these were just systems sitting on display shelves or bought and quickly returned. In some cases, these systems are as old as a decade and just came back from a business lease.

The computer world keeps changing, and a desktop computer is now cheaper than a lot of laptops. It’s possible to buy a desktop computer that’s very serviceable for around $400.00 at any computer store. You should research the store to make sure they stand behind their products.

If a home office or small business requires one or more desktop computers, many people also have a laptop or iPad for convenience. All the computers can share the most important programs and information, making it easy for sales people to stay connected with their office while out on the road.

Don’t forget to consider used computers when shopping. These are often purchased from the current owner directly as opposed to in a store. You can find them on classified sites and they can be bought for a steal. When you don’t need the latest, greatest machine, this is an affordable alternative.

Find out if the desktop computer you want has included programs. You need to know what they are. You need to know if it has a word processor or spreadsheet program that you will use. This is important to many for their work. Also, find out if the software included are full versions or demos. The demos expire after 30 or 90 days, which require you to buy the full versions yourself.

Most people have no idea what the difference is between a motherboard and a hard drive. In fact, they probably have never even seen the inside of a desktop computer before. You have taken the initiative to learn about shopping for a computer, and now you are prepared to get the job done right.…

A Guide For Those Wishing To Get Into Desktop Computers

Shopping for a computer is just like shopping for any expensive investment; when you know more, you’ll get better results. Part of that means sitting back and taking in the intelligence from this post. The advice here is some of the best around, and it’ll really help steer you right.

Always run antivirus software. Without it, malware can infect your computer and operating system. There are many kinds of bad software than can slow your computer down or even compromise your personal information. You can use these programs to automatically scan and repair any issues that your computer is having.

Be on the lookout for computers that the owners are giving away. This will help you to save a lot of money during the process. These computers are typically in good condition, but make sure the computer is working well before you make an offer.

Check out the computer add-ons prior to purchase. It’s not uncommon for there to be some great accessories that you can purchase separately that will help make computing easier. You should only get accessories you will use. You should also look around since add-ons can be cheaper elsewhere. Add-ons from manufacturers are generally vastly overpriced.

Look for the desktop computer model that suits your needs without exceeding your budget by too much. Some people purchase models with features they will never use at a price that is more than they can afford. Look at the features to make sure you need them before buying.

Be sure to clean out your new computer weekly. Typically, it’s simple to unscrew the case and take it off. Then, all you have to do is use a compressed air can to spray the dust away. This cleans the computer and makes the fan more efficient.

Look at technology sites for computer reviews to get a good idea on what you should buy. There are so many choices, but when you find a comparison article or “best of” editors review, it will make the research easier.

If you’re thinking about a Mac desktop, but you’ve got PC programs, consider investing in a copy of Parallels for Mac. This program will let you run a PC OS on your Mac. Now you can run all available PC programs. Remember the PC systems must be purchased separately.

Create a list of all the things you will do on your new computer. The computer you get depends on what you need it to do regularly. If you play games a lot, your requirements differ from the typical user.

If you use your computer for transferring large files, you should get a desktop that has a DVD drive that is writable. CD drives are not big enough for some of the new multimedia files. You will need the space a DVD offers. Determine whether you need or want the extra space that a DVD optical drive provides over standard CD drives in order to assess whether it makes sense for you to incur the extra cost in purchasing a desktop computer with this feature.

You will have your desktop computer for a long time, so it’s important to make the right choice. This article gives you the blueprint for a quality buying experience. You will be able to find a computer that works for you.…

A Few Things Every IPhone Owner Should Know

Your iPhone has many features that a standard phone does not. You understand what it is you want, and that is the reason you purchased an iPhone. But, you probably don’t know everything that the iPhone is capable of. The following article contains tips and advice to help you make better use of your iPhone.

Your iPhone is like a small GPS. The map application that is included in your phone’s software will allow you to see your location anywhere that you have service. This makes it easy to find your way home, or locate somewhere new if you have never been there before.

When using Safari, making phone calls is as easy as just one tap on the screen. Suppose you are searching for a dry cleaner that is close by. When you locate the number, you don’t have to visit your phone option to actually place the call. Simply tap the number you see on the screen and instantly it dials the business you are trying to connect to.

An iPhone’s notification feature can become annoying. There is an easy way to stop them. First, choose Settings. Then tap the bar for Notifications. Remove any apps that are located in the :In Notification Center” that aren’t useful to you. The best part is that this can significantly increase your battery’s life each day.

You may spend a great deal of time reading email or browning Safari on your iPhone, but you may not know how simple it is to hang onto an image from these locations. Press and hold on the image you wish to save. This will prompt a box to open which gives you a save option.

You can create your own shortcuts and dictionary with your iPhone. There’s no reason your iPhone shouldn’t anticipate the words you want to use. You can program other shortcuts and phrases. The keyboard can also auto-correct your typing when you type various phrases and words.

If you download an application that will let you upload your files to the iPhone, you can utilize it as a device for storage. This makes uploading videos, pictures, music and text files much easier. The phone can be connected to a computer to retrieve the files.

Tag your email accounts to your iPhone for quick accessibility to all of your messages. This is essential, because you can receive instant notifications any time a new email arrives, allowing you to read it immediately. You can pick various email accounts or even just one tagged on your phone.

Are you having second thoughts about the latest missive you entered into iMessage? Has Auto Correct messed up your message’s meaning? By shaking your phone quickly it can be undone. This etch-a-sketch action automatically erases recent typing. Because this feature is optional, you will have to enable it under “Settings”.

The iPhone offers tons of features and is truly amazing. It just takes a little effort to learn to use the iPhone to its full potential. The above article described many techniques to help you become an iPhone pro. Enjoy what your phone has to offer!…

A Few Ideas For Your Web Hosting Search

How many times have you looked at the profitability of your business and realized that you need to cut some costs? An internet business has less overhead than a bricks ‘n mortar business, but you still need to pay web hosting costs, among other things. Read on for some tips on how to cut down this business expense while still getting quality service and functionality.

Beware web hosting companies with frequent outages. If the company suffers from many outages and tries to offer up excuses as to why they are down, this means they are not reliable and do not have a plan in place to stop these lengthy outages. Frequent outages signify an unprofessional business. Don’t make commitments to these type of companies.

When choosing your web hosting service, do not rely on someone’s recommendation, or only on the info you’ve read online. Most services have affiliate programs and the people recommending the service may not have any direct experience with it. You should take more than recommendations into consideration when choosing your web host.

Read the terms of your contract before subscribing to a web hosting service. You should look for a guarantee that your content will be updated right away when you upload it to your server. Remember that your visitors want up to date content and you will not be able to meet their expectations with a slow web hosting service.

Call the customer service number and ask about SSL certification and shopping carts. If the technicians are helpful, you have found a web host that understands e-commerce and will be able to meet your needs. On the other hand, if no one is able to answer your technical questions, look for a different host.

When choosing a web hosting company, you want to go with security over cheaper prices. It is important that not only is all of your information secure, but all of your customers’ information, as well. Select a web hosting company that you know you can trust and that provides secure web hosting.

If a web hosting provider offers you a deal that seems to be good to be true, it probably is. No provider can offer unlimited storage space or unlimited bandwidth, so if a host claims to provide these, they are most likely scamming you. Look for a host that offers more realistic services.

Check and see if your host offers the option of having a secure server for your customers. You will be able to add a button to your site and your visitors will be informed they enter a secure zone and will be more likely to trust your site for making transaction or giving their personal information.

There’s no question that good, full-service web hosting providers exist. It may not always be easy to find them, but with the tips above, you now have a little bit of an edge over others and should be able to find a quality web hosting service that provides what you need, at the price you want.…